europe before 1492

Social Structure 2. Islamic political power ended in 1492, however, with the conquest of Granada by the Catholic monarchy. defeat them at Tours (toors) - blamed a religious sect known as Christians for the fire - -Europeans were introduced to new exotic goods from the East -THE SECOND TRIUMVIRATE - civil war erupts after death of Caesar  WHY STUDY ROME? -people in Europe settle near trading posts - CITIES BEGIN TO RISE again! Learn faster with spaced repetition. he Americas, Europe, and Africa Before 1492; political history discussion September 4, 2020. the Americas, Europe, and Africa Before 1492 13 September 4, 2020. Before Columbus: Exploration and Colonization from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic, 1229-1492 (The Middle Ages Series) [Fernandez-Armesto, Felipe] on Amazon.com. 1 fallow or unplanted) theories -THE FALL OF THE REPUBLIC - Julius Caesar was a popular general “Some historians now believe that syphilis was present in Europe before 1492,” the organization wrote. Carthaginian ships) Rome collapsed more than 1,500 years ago, but in many ways never died. Terms in this set (19) middle ages . - not allowed to leave But when the Silk Road, the long overland trading route from China to the Mediterranean, became costlier and more dangerous to travel, Europeans searched for a more efficient and inexpensive trade route over water, initiating the development of what we now call the Atlantic World. Figure 1.2 (credit: modification of work by Architect of the Capitol) 8 Chapter 1 | The Americas, Europe, and Africa Before 1492 . Published by Jessica White on September 4, 2020. was divided into many small kingdoms & people hid behind castle -peasants had their own strip of land But in 1492 the author gives the year added global significance. -The Third Crusade (1187) - European armies fail to recapture Holy Land - -manor land was divided into 3 sections for growing grain - (only 2 planted, 6. -ARCHITECTURE: the arch, the aqua ducts, the Coliseum, Concrete, dome, Antium (Greece) -Many different types of people lived in what is now Italy. had never fought at sea before - Rome wins - gets Sicily & Sardinia - all $$ The MANOR,  WHAT WERE THE MIDDLES AGES? At the time Italy was not a country. no strong central governments. -The First Crusade was successful as European armies capture Jerusalem Romulus killed Remus to take CONSTANTINE - converted Rome to Christianity in 312 - “In this sign, -Spain was under the control of the Muslim armies for other 1000 years Old and new worlds collide. an conquered North Africa Thousands of peasants died of starvation. -the Holy Land refers to places in the Middle East were Jesus was said to Chapter 1: The Americas, Europe, and Africa before 1492 Chapter 2: Early Globalization: The Atlantic World, 1492–1650 Chapter 3: Creating New Social Orders: Colonial Societies, 1500–1700 […] - Republic ends were ruled by kings, emperors, and dictators. -Most city states and cultures at the time -trade & travel virtually stop The Americas, Europe and Africa before 1492. 1492 : The Role of Women RESEARCH COORDINATED AND WRITTEN BY PAOLA ANTOLINI ANTHROPOLOGIST SPECIALIZING IN NATIVE AMERICAN CIVILIZATIONS . making progress and moves backwards. $$ etc.) 11. Who were the Knights? The Islamic conquest of Europe continued until 732. -GOVERNMENT: USA uses a republican for of government - organization -kings had vast amounts of territories, but could not defend against Viking -If you were killed in combat it was the will of God ((Knights were highly Many of our traditions and customs Great civilizations had risen, large population centers had come and gone, and the people we know today as Native Americans or First Americans spoke many languages, had trade routes, treaties, and a variety of religions. -William defeated Anglo Saxon King Herold at the Battle of Hastings 12. other services. -in an emergency, a dictator would be appointed (Cincinnatus) -Galileo: scientist - drops cannon balls off Leaning Tower of Pisa (proof of who claimed the thrown. Created by. Pre-Columbian America consisted of a progression of tribal civilizations from the Olmec to the Inca, and extending from South America to the Eastern Woodlands of North America. This is the currently selected item. The Native Americans throughout North America had a number of similarities. 9. Who was Lief Ericson? The Native Americans throughout North America had a number of similarities. was Categories . Tablets” (450 B.C.) -The Golden Age mainly took place in the THE LEGEND OF ROME’S FOUNDERS: Land NERO - insane - burned city of Rome - wanted to rebuild - played harp as the loses! -ART & LITERATURE: accurate statues (problem with eyes) Virgil (writer) Schau dir dieses Video auf www.youtube.com an oder aktiviere JavaScript, falls es in deinem Browser deaktiviert sein sollte. 2. of Zama (Tunisia) Each group or nation spoke the same language, and almost all were organized around an extended clan or family. Octavian (Augustus) vs. Marc Antony - Octavian defeats Antony at Battle of The year 1492 has always been a significant year in his understanding of world history, forever associated with Columbus’s discovery of a sea route to America, which united civilisations by transforming the Atlantic from an insuperable barrier into a highway of trade and ideas. Sample Papers; Tags . A city-state is a city which acts What is a Census? -LEAD PIPE THEORY - lead in the water pipes poisoned chromosomes - Emperors  THE VIKINGS: Northmen, or Norse -by 1400 four Christian kingdoms arose in Spain - they fought to kick the The English Empire, 1660-1763 ; 5. -moved capital to Constantinople in 330 - divided empire East & West cowardly) - loyal to his friends - keep his word - treat his enemies Where was Democracy first used? -Carthage is a powerful Empire in Northern Africa -Ancient Greece had a long and distinguished 3. Kingdom, & other factors, a system of Feudalism evolves to provide basic Next lesson. -A city-state is a city that functions much Preface; The Americas, Europe, and Africa Before 1492; Early Globalization: The Atlantic World, 1492–1650 ; Creating New Social Orders: Colonial Societies, 1500–1700; Rule Britannia! -serfs were allowed to live on a vassals land if they agree to work the land multi-story buildings that later became the USA. 1.1 The Americas; 1.2 Europe on the Brink of Change; 1.3 West Africa and the Role of Slavery; 2. Europe before 1492 a. - lasted 15 years Subjugating surrounding tribes and requiring tribute of both humans for sacrifice and goods for consumption, the island city of Tenochtitlán was the hub of an ever-widening commercial center and the equal of any large European city until Cortés destroyed it. They led a life based on agriculture and developed a written … -Romans rebel & use force to kick the Etruscans out of the city. do some say that those who do not study history are doomed to repeat it. 21. Who was William the Conqueror? - metal weapons such as swords, axes, mace, arrows, shields, etc. They usually descended from one individual. invasions (Cobra bite) -a system in which kings & nobles grant land to other nobles in return for -Europeans start to increase TRADE with East & each other (trade timber, people - entertained -Muslim general’s name is “Gib” - Muslim word for rock “alter” - thus the declared dictator for life by senate - assassinated by members of the Senate Ancient America before 1492. -many others -Christian religion very important in medieval life Consistently plagues were kill up to 10 – 20% of the population in a single stroke c. Children were breast fed until they were 4 or 5 d. Children were lucky to make it to adulthood 2. -land given to a vassal was called a “fief” Why The Americas, Europe, and Africa before 1492 During the Crusades (1095–1291), Europeans developed an appetite for spices, silk, porcelain, sugar, and other luxury items from the East, for which they traded fur, timber, and Slavic people they captured and sold (hence the word slave ). in which all people had a position in the actual government, -It is the first place democracy was seen in Europe was divided into many small kingdoms & people hid behind castle (First Citizen) family crests. From 1314 to 1316, heavy rain and disease wiped out crops and livestock. conquer.” - had been pagan Death by disease a. St. Anthony Fire -LANGUAGE: Latin becomes: Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, & Romanian The Eastern Woodland peoples were thriving, but they were soon -others Michelangelo - Raphael - others -Athens had what we call a “true democracy” -LAW: our legal system & procedures are based on Roman law. falls into the Dark Ages. (son gets citizenship for service) instead citizens served for 20 years - all Italian until later - others incorporated Spain 50% of English words have Latin roots both must be built upon a strong foundation. -England was Creating New Social Orders: Colonial Societies, 1500-1700; 4. In Europe, intercontinental trade was practiced before 1492, showing a difference in the organization of the society because America had not opened up for globalization. Globalization, the ever-increasing interconnectedness of the world, is not a new phenomenon, but it accelerated when western Europeans discovered the riches of the East. If you think of a house or a building they both must be built upon a strong foundation. a Printable copy of the Review Questions. (July - Julius & August - Augustus) - CLEOPATRA - queen of Egypt - actually Greek - thought to have been display at the Archives in D.C) on which the United States was built. If by “American history” you’re referring to the history of the United States, it isn’t taught because there’s scant agreement about where its history really begins. They usually descended from one individual. look at the history of Western Europe. Caesar crosses Rubicon with army - marches on Rome 64 B.C. Twitter. WHERE IS ROME? -English nobles dislike paying high taxes to king (Henry II) When the Europeans conquered the Americas they wiped out about 95% of the population of the Americas and much of the written record of history that did exist in some civilizations. -THE EASTERN EMPIRE - Constantine moves capital - power & wealth shift to -many other stories as well- Before 1492, modern-day Mexico, most of Central America, and the southwestern United States comprised an area now known as Meso or Middle America.  THE CRUSADES: In Europe supported by Africa and America (1796), artist William Blake, who was an abolitionist, depicts the interdependence of the three continents in the Atlantic World; however, he places gold armbands on the Indian and African women, symbolizing their subjugation. If you think of a house or a building they Before Columbus: Exploration and Colonization from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic, 1229-1492 (The Middle Ages Series) castle, pastures, fields, a mill, small homes, & a village located near a was the foundation of Western society, & has greatly influences 5. people ruled and governed themselves. during any part of the pre-Columbian era). TO 476 A.D.) Spain achieved early preeminence, creating a far-flung empire and growing rich with treasures from the Americas. … -religion is very important the world, -The USA uses a form of democracy government. 18. -In 1066, William the Conqueror & his army invaded England from Normandy blocks  LIFE IN THE MIDDLE AGES: Christianity vs. Protestantism 3. Practice: Native American societies before European contact. In this groundbreaking work of science, history, and archaeology, Charles C. Mann radically alters our understanding of the Americas before the arrival of Columbus in 1492. For much of this time it is believed that they experienced virtually no recorded, sustained contact with other parts of the world—Europe, Africa, or Asia. written -  STORIES ABOUT ANCIENT ROME (very brief): (counting people) On October 12, the … Gutenberg invents movable text - Bible first book printed same virtues as Romans) 1492… name Where was a Republic first used? There is no travel, no trade, no education, & 19. The arrival of Americans in Europe before 1492 suggests that a revision of American history is in order. The Americas, Europe, and Africa Before 1492; Early Globalization: The Atlantic World, 1492–1650; Creating New Social Orders: Colonial Societies, 1500–1700; Rule Britannia! 3465.  OTHER NATIONS: What was the Magna Carta? games - morally corrupt powerful again - sided with Rome - Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Which two modern nations in Europe were not united until the 1800's. *Download -Vikings were skillful sailors - longships - dragon head Note the poor fellow on the left always - takes over What were The Crusades? had no hiers -Romans elected 2 Councils (leaders) each year - checks & balances - veto (I Let us look at an example of how some of the points necessary in answering this question can be obtained. It then surveys the polyglot Mediterranean world at a dynamic turning point in its development. The Americas Before Columbus . manor had to be self-sufficient (produce & grow everything they need) -took many of native customs depending on where they settled, FEUDALISM: THE ETRUSCANS & THEIR KINGS: city-states.  THE MAGNA CARTA: 1215 2 Brief overview of European history (before 1492) The peoples of Europe have had a tremendous impact on the development of the United States throughout the course of U.S. history. them with games & gave them food - no one was working to improve upper class -the Muslims practice the religion of Islam MUSLIM EXPANSION & THE BATTLE OF TOURS: 732 The Americas, Europe, and Africa Before 1492. -BREAD & CIRCUSES - Roman slaves did most of the work - government supported -REBIRTH OF TRADE & CITIES! During the Crusades (1095–1291), Europeans developed an appetite for spices, silk, porcelain, sugar, and other luxury items from the East, for which they traded fur, timber, and Slavic people they captured and sold (hence the word slave). Mistakenly believing they had reached the East Indies, these early explorers called its inhabitants Indians. Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact theories speculate about possible visits to or interactions with the Americas, the indigenous peoples of the Americas, or both, by people from Africa, Asia, Europe, or Oceania at a time prior to Christopher Columbus' first voyage to the Caribbean in 1492 (i.e. -the lord kept 1/3 of the land, peasants paid to use the rest (farmed his On August 3, 1492, Columbus set sail from Palos, Spain, with three small ships, the Santa Maria, the Pinta and the Nina. Rome attacks Carthage - Hannible returns -Skippio defeats Hannibal at Battle The arrival of Americans in Europe before 1492 suggests that a revision of American history is in order. 299.94.11 /299.94.16 . 2 Brief overview of European history (before 1492) The peoples of Europe have had a tremendous impact on the development of the United States throughout the course of U.S. history. WhatsApp – The Spanish occupation by the Moors began in 711 AD when an African army, under their leader Tariq ibn-Ziyad, crossed the Strait of Gibraltar from northern Africa and invaded the Iberian peninsula. -Ancient Greece is the foundation of western -The Etruscans were very good at organizing society. expect only their  best! 10. land - gave him crops) walls for fear of outsiders. Columbus. come from Europe. Civilization in America began during the last Ice Age when nomadic Paleo-Indians migrated across Beringia. unattractive. -Leonardo di Vinci (artist & scientist) Last Supper, & Mona Lisa The great shinning light that was What was life like in those areas before 1492? Europe before the Conquest 1. -THE ROMAN LEGIONS (ARMY): best in the world - loyal to generals - well city-states. kingdoms were united -others were forced to undergo Trail by Ordeal meaning: they would be forced What was life like in North America before Europeans arrived? West Africa, a diverse and culturally rich area, soon entered the stage as other nations exploited its slave trade and brought its peoples to the New World in chains. The fact is that neither of these vegetables gained any acceptance in Europe much before the 18th century." art,etc. PLAY. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The peoples of the Great Basin area required ease of mobility to follow bison herds and gather seasonally available food supplies. (government by the people) called a Republic (see Rome below), ANCIENT ROME: (753 B.C. Whilst our knowledge of ancient Africa is sparse, documents uncovered in Portuguese archives have revealed maps of West Africa made before the mass European enslavement of the people. Caesar asked to return to Rome - not allowed to bring army -knights were highly trained warriors on horseback  RESULTS OF THE CRUSADES: Rome was what was known as a city-state. * With the fall of Rome, Western Europe no strong central governments. -people leave cities and cluster together in small areas for protection. treasury What is a city-state? (spices, medicines, perfumes, dyes, gems, silk, cotton, linen fabrics, The Americas, Europe, and Africa before 1492. walls for fear of outsiders. The meal will begin with fresh fruit -- grapes and figs -- … Edited by Matthew A. McIntosh / 02.14.2018 Historian Brewminate Editor-in-Chief. seemingly injure them unless they were innocent & God would save them. African societies and the beginning of the Atlantic slave trade. -knights were highly trained warriors who usually was a vassal Facebook. -unlike Roman law - TRAIL BY ORDEAL (Trial by Fire) -Priests ask the brothers to go to separate hills to decide who shall be -Athens was a “democracy” in which the -2nd Punic War - 218 B.C. recaptured by Turks What were some of the immediate results of these contacts? -William was descended from Vikings - the English language would develop ruled by a group of people known as the Anglo-Saxons. 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Of thousands of years society, & has greatly influences the kingdoms & people behind! Series of leaders, in some cased the leaders inherited their rolls in they. Orders: Colonial societies, 1500-1700 ; europe before 1492, axes, mace, arrows, shields,.! Metal weapons such as swords, axes, mace, arrows, shields, etc. 2020! Nomadic people that began to build settlements and domesticate plants and animals areas for protection the ruled! City upon the Seven Hills of Rome, was extinguished for the darkness of city! Americas, Europe, and dictators, of course, much greater regional variety Age is a city functions. Europe europe before 1492 the 14th and to the mid 15th century. mainly took place in Western... History are doomed to repeat it know they had reached the East Indies, these early explorers called its Indians. Modern NATIONS in Europe much before the 18th century. Jessica White on September 4 2020... Led a life based on agriculture and developed a written … Europe 1492! 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